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Basic Requirements For Fiber Optic Connectors

Aug 31, 2017


Fiber optic connectors are composed of three parts: two mating plugs and a coupling tube. Two plugs are loaded into the end of two fibers, and the coupling tube plays the role of aligning the casing. In addition, the coupling tube is equipped with metal or nonmetal flanges for mounting of the connector.

The use of fiber optic connectors is most closely related to optical fiber systems under normal conditions. Connector manufacturers have largely standardized and simplified connectors when connectors are not widely used and are not easy to use. In the process of using optical fiber systems, users are more convenient to use connectors.

What is a fiber optic connector?

A fiber optic connector is a movable mechanism between a fiber optic and a fiber optic connector. Its function is to put the optical fiber on the two precise platform surface, Fiber Optic Connector so that the optical output of the light can reach the fiber coupler of the receiving fiber to the maximum extent, and can form the optical link, and reduce the influence of the system to a minimum degree. This is the basic requirement of fiber optic connectors. To a certain extent, fiber optic connectors can also affect the reliability of optical fibre transmission and the performance of the system.

Key features of fiber optic connectors

The key features of optical fiber connectors include optical properties, interchangeability, reproducibility, tensile strength, temperature, and frequency of inserting and drawing.

1. Optical properties: Optical performance requirements of optical fiber connectors are mainly two basic parameters, insertion loss and return loss. Fiber Optic Connector The insertion loss is the connection loss of the effective light strength loss, because the connector is plugged in. The insertion loss is as small as possible, and generally requires not about 0.5dB. The Echo loss (or reflection loss) is the light intensity inhibition of the reflector in the link, Fiber Optic Connector and the typical value should not be less than 25dB. In the practical application of the connector, the special polishing treatment of the needle surface can make the return loss greater, usually not less than 45dB.

2, interchangeability and reproducibility: The fiber connector is a general-purpose passive device, the same type of fiber connector can be used in any connection, and can be reused, so usually the additional loss of entry in the case is generally less than 0.2dB.

3, tensile strength: For the fiber connector has been connected, tensile strength under normal circumstances requirements of not less than 90N.

4, Temperature: In general, optical fiber connectors must be used in the temperature range of 40 ℃ to +70℃.

5, the number of plug-and-pull: Usually, the current fiber connector can be plugged more than l000 times.

Structure of fiber optic connectors

Connectors, permanent connections, or connectors can form fiber-optic connections, which, unlike interpolation, can be disconnected and reconnected. With the development of the application field, the types of fiber optic connectors are varied. Different connector types have different characteristics, Fiber Optic Connector different advantages and disadvantages, and different performance parameters. However, all connectors contain four basic components.

Pins: The fiber is mounted in a long thin-walled cylinder, and the pins act as a fiber alignment mechanism. The pin is drilled in the middle, and the diameter is slightly larger than the diameter of the fiber cladding. The end of the optical fiber is at the end of the pin. In general, pins are made of metal or pottery, but may also be plastic.

Connector body: Also known as the connector shell, the connector body accommodates the pins. In general, the connector body is made of metal or plastic, including one or more assembly parts, Fiber Optic Connector capable of keeping the fiber in place. The specific details of the connectors are different depending on the model of the connector, but the weld and/or flanging is usually used to install the reinforcing member and the cable sheath on the connector body. The insertion needle extends over the connector body and is jammed into the bonding device.

Optical Cable: The cable is mounted on the connector body. The function is the input point of the fiber. In general, a strain removal shield is installed on the connector between the optical cable and the connector body to provide additional strength to the connector.

Connecting devices: Most fiber optic connectors do not use the common head-head structure commonly used in electronic connections. The structure used is a positioning sleeve for paired connectors. Similar devices can be installed on fiber-optic transmitters and receivers, which can be paired with a single connector. These devices are also known as through-type bulkhead adapters.