Home > Exhibition > Content

Common troubles and troubleshooting of optical fiber network

Feb 10, 2017

Optical fiber is a kind of shorthand, made of glass or plastic fibers, can be used as a light transmission tool. Optical fiber network is very useful in life, once the failure will cause a big trouble, how to eliminate the common faults and troubleshooting of optical network becomes more and more important.

 光纤网络常见故障及排除方法1

First, the optical fiber transceiver module or the optical fiber module and the twisted pair port indicator light is bright or not.


IF the optical transceiver (FX) indicator light does not shine, please confirm whether the fiber link cross link; a fiber jumper is parallel connected; the other end is cross connected. Such as A optical transceiver (FX) indicator lights, B optical transceiver (FX) indicator light does not shine, then the fault in A transceiver: one possibility is: A transceiver (TX) optical transmission has been broken, because the B transceiver interface (RX) do not receive the optical signal; another possibility is: A transceiver (TX) of the optical fiber link have some problems (cable or light jumpers might be broken).

光纤网络常见故障及排除方法2

Twisted pair (TP) indicator light is not bright,Please make sure that the twisted pair connection is wrong or the connection is wrong. Please use the on-off tester; some transceiver has two RJ45 ports: (To HUB) indicates that the connection line of the connecting switch is a straight line; (To Node) indicates that the connection line of the switch is a cross line; some of the sender side has a MPR switch: Indicates that the connection line of the connection switch is a straight line mode; DTE switch: connecting the connecting line of the switch is a cross line mode。

 

Second,use the Optical power meter


The luminous power of an optical transceiver or optical module under normal conditions:multimode:Multimode: between -10db--18db;Single mode 20 km:between -8db--15db;Single mode 60 km:between -5db--12db;If the light power in the fiber transceiver is between: -30db--45db,then you can determine the transceiver has a problem.

 

光纤网络常见故障及排除方法3

Third, the half / full duplex mode is wrong or not

 

Some transceivers have FDX switch on the side: full duplex HDX switch: half duplex

 

Fourth, optical fiber and optical fiber jumper has been broken or not

 

A, Fiber optic cable on-off detection:With laser flashlight, sunlight, light, on the one end of the cable joint or coupling irradiation light; On the other a head to see if there is a visible light;If there is any visible light indicates cable did not break.

 

B, optical fiber line on-off detection: With laser flashlight, sunlight, light, on the one end of jumper irradiation light; On the other a head to see if there is a visible light;If there is any visible light indicates cable did not break.